Body weight reduction, sympathetic nerve traffic, and arterial baroreflex in obese normotensive humans

Guido Grassi, Gino Seravalle, Manuela Colombo, Giambattista Bolla, Bianca M. Cattaneo, Francesco Cavagnini, Giuseppe Mancia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background - Previous studies have shown that sympathetic cardiovascular outflow is increased in obese normotensive subjects and that this increase is associated with a baroreflex impairment. The purpose of this study was to determine whether these abnormalities are irreversible or can be favorably affected by body weight reduction. Methods and Results - In 20 obese normotensive subjects (age, 31.3 ± 1.7 years; body mass index, 37.6 ± 0.9 kg/m2, mean±SEM), we measured beat-to-beat arterial blood pressure (Finapres technique), heart rate (ECG), postganglionic muscle sympathetic nerve activity (microneurography at a peroneal nerve), and venous plasma norepinephrine (high-performance liquid chromatography) at rest and during baroreceptor stimulation and deactivation induced by increases and reductions of blood pressure via stepwise intravenous infusions of phenylephrine and nitroprusside. Measurements were repeated in 10 subjects after a 16-week hypocaloric diet with normal sodium content (4600 to 5000 J and 210 mmol NaCl/d) and in the remaining 10 subjects after a 16-week observation period without any reduction in the caloric intake. The hypocaloric diet significantly reduced body mass index, slightly reduced blood pressure, and caused a significant and marked decrease in both muscle sympathetic nerve activity (from 50.0±5.1 to 32.9±4.6 bursts per 100 heart beats, P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2037-2042
Number of pages6
JournalCirculation
Volume97
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - May 26 1998

Keywords

  • Diet
  • Nervous system, autonomic
  • Obesity
  • Reflex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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