Bone marrow haploidentical transplant with post-transplantation cyclophosphamide: does graft cell content have an impact on main clinical outcomes?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We analyzed data relative to cell content in 88 consecutive patients receiving HLA haploidentical bone marrow (BM) transplants with post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (PT-CY). Median age was 54.5 (range, 17–72); diagnoses were acute leukemia (n = 46), lymphoproliferative disorders (n = 24), myelofibrosis (n = 11) and myelodysplastic syndromes (n = 5). Total nucleated cell (TNC) and CD34+, CD3+, CD4+ and CD8+ cell doses were stratified as higher than first, second and third quartile and the dose effect on various clinical outcomes was assessed. Median time to engraftment was 17 days for neutrophils and 24 days for platelets. To receive a dose of TNC ≥3.2 x 106/kg or CD34+ cells ≥2.7 x 106/kg significantly shortened the time to neutrophil and platelet engraftment and reduced the blood product requirements in the 30-day period after transplantation. Overall, TNC and CD34+ cell doses had no effect on acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) incidence, whereas patients receiving higher CD3+ and CD8+ cell doses seemed to have less chronic GVHD. No effect on non-relapse mortality, progression-free survival and overall survival was observed at different cell dose thresholds. These data suggest that in HLA haploidentical BM transplant with PT-CY, appropriate cell doses are relevant to the engraftment. The association between low CD3+/CD8+ cells and chronic GVHD deserves further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)158-165
Number of pages8
JournalCytotherapy
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020

Keywords

  • bone marrow
  • cyclophosphamide
  • engraftment
  • graft-versus-host disease
  • haploidentical transplant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Oncology
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Cell Biology
  • Cancer Research
  • Transplantation

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