Bone marrow transplant indications for childhood leukemias: Achieving a consensus

G. Dini, J. M. Cornish, H. Gadner, G. Souillet, J. M. Vosse, P. Paolucci, L Manfredini L, M. Miano, D. Niethammer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

During the '2nd International Course on Bone Marrow Transplantation in Children' a multiple choice questionnaire on bone marrow transplant indications for children with acute leukemias was distributed with the aim of achieving a consensus, The answers obtained from the twenty representatives of fourteen European countries during the meeting were analyzed and assigned to one of the following groups: I, definitive indication: when more than 75% participants were in favour; II. acceptable indication: when 50% to 74% participants were in favour; III. requires further investigation: when 25% to 49% participants were in favour; IV. no indication: when less than 24% participants were in favour. In acute lymphoblastic leukemia the following circumstances were considered a definitive indication for allogeneic bone marrow transplant (BMT) from a matched sibling donor (MSD): infancy, 'high risk' (HR) patients in 1st complete remission (CR1); CR2 patients after an early bone marrow relapse (defined as a relapse occurring up to six months after stopping therapy). Patients experiencing an early meningeal relapse and CR2 patients after a late relapse (defined as a relapse occurring later than six months after stopping therapy) were considered an acceptable indication. Further investigation was required in older to better define the role of BMT for patients experiencing an early isolated testicular relapse. If a MSD is not available, HR patients in CR1 and CR2 patients, after an early bone marrow relapse, were considered a definitive indication for a matched unrelated donor (MUD). This latter group was considered an acceptable indication for a haploidentical BMT if a MUD was not available. Further investigation was required to better define the role of autologous bone marrow transplant (ABMT) for patients experiencing an early extramedullary relapse and for HR patients in CR1 all of whom lacked MSD's. In acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML), CR2 patients were considered a definitive indication and CR1 patients were considered an acceptable indication for BMT from a MSD. CR2 patients were considered a definitive indication for ABMT and CR1 patients an acceptable indication in cases lacking a MSD. AML was not considered an indication for MUD BMT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4-7
Number of pages4
JournalBone Marrow Transplantation
Volume18
Issue numberSUPPL. 2
Publication statusPublished - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Transplantation

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    Dini, G., Cornish, J. M., Gadner, H., Souillet, G., Vosse, J. M., Paolucci, P., Manfredini L, L., Miano, M., & Niethammer, D. (1996). Bone marrow transplant indications for childhood leukemias: Achieving a consensus. Bone Marrow Transplantation, 18(SUPPL. 2), 4-7.