Bone marrow transplantation for chronic granulocytic leukemia

A. Bacigalupo, F. Frassoni, M. T. van Lint, D. Occhini, P. A. Pittaluga, M. Repetto, G. Piaggio, M. Sessarego, A. Caimo, A. Congiu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Thirty patients with chronic granulocytic leukemia (CGL), were given cyclophosphamide 60 mg/kg on each of 2 consecutive days, followed by total body irradiation (TBI) 10 Gy and an HLA-identical bone marrow transplant (BMT). Eleven patients were in the accelerated phase of their disease (CGLacc) or in second/secondary chronic phase (CGL-2CP), with a median age of 33 years: 4 patients died of transplant related complications, and 4 of recurrent leukemia; 3 patients are alive and well 19, 31, 33 months from BMT. The actuarial 33-month survival is 27%. The actuarial relapse rate is 50%. Nineteen patients were in their first chronic phase (1CP), with a median age of 32 years: 3 died of graft versus host disease (GvHD), 2 of infection, and 2 of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS); 12 are alive and well 6 to 29 months post-BMT. The actuarial 29-month survival is 63%. The actuarial survival of patients younger than 30 years is 63%, compared to 62% for patients older than 30 (P = 0.1). The survival of patients grafted within or after 24 months from the onset of CGL is respectively 87% and 45% (P = 0.04). None of the patients grafted in 1CP had a true hematologic-cytogenetic relapse. The Ph' chromosome was detected on one occasion in 2 patients 12, 13 months post-BMT: they both remain hematologically normal and Ph1-negative 3 to 6 months later, after discontinuation of cyclosporin A. This study confirms that survival exceeding 60% can be obtained in CGL in the first chronic phase, whereas less than 30% of patients will survive if grafted in accelerated, second/secondary chronic phase, mainly because of leukemic relapse. The duration of the disease seems to be relevant to the outcome of the transplant. The effect of post-transplant immunosuppression, in our case cyclosporin A, on the interaction between normal and Ph1-positive hemopoietic cells, may deserve further attention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2307-2311
Number of pages5
JournalCancer
Volume58
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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