Bone turnover in neonates: Changes of urinary excretion rate of collagen type I cross-linked peptides during the first days of life and influence of gestational age

Stefano Mora, C. Prinster, A. Bellini, G. Weber, M. C. Proverbio, M. Puzzovio, C. Bianchi, G. Chiumello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

New markers have been used to monitor the changes of bone turnover occurring during growth. Data on bone turnover rate during the perinatal period are, however, very scarce. In the present study we evaluated bone turnover rate, assessed by the measurement of urinary N-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (NTx) concentrations, at different gestational ages, and we documented the trend of bone turnover rate occurring in the first days after birth. Urine samples were obtained from 83 healthy full term newborn infants, 16 preterm, and 17 infants of diabetic mothers (IDMs). The first miction after birth was collected. Urine samples were also collected 24 and 48 h after birth. NTx was measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The relationship between NTx at birth and all the other variables has been evaluated using multiple regression analysis. The changes of NTx excretion over time and the effect of the groups were studied by multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) for repeated measures. We found a remarkable association between gestational age and NTx concentrations at birth (R = 0.56; p <0.00001). NTx concentrations showed a progressive decrement, reaching a nadir between the 38th and the 42nd week of gestation. The NTx concentrations changed significantly during the first 48 h of life in the three groups. Moreover, preterm infants had NTx excretion values at birth significantly higher than full term infants (p <0.001), whereas NTx excretion rates of IDMs were not different from those of the other two groups of subjects. In conclusion, gestational age seems to be the major determinant of bone turnover in neonates; NTx excretion rate is higher before term, it slows in proximity of delivery, and it increases significantly during the first 48 h of life. Preterm infants have higher bone turnover rate than full term infants. NTx excretion rate of IDMs was comparable with those of the control subjects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)563-566
Number of pages4
JournalBone
Volume20
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1997

Keywords

  • Bone resorption
  • Bone turnover
  • Gestational age
  • Newborn infants
  • NTx

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Hematology

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