Bortezomib, doxorubicin and dexamethasone in advanced multiple myeloma

A. Palumbo, F. Gay, S. Bringhen, A. Falcone, N. Pescosta, V. Callea, T. Caravita, F. Morabito, V. Magarotto, M. Ruggeri, I. Avonto, P. Musto, N. Cascavilla, B. Bruno, M. Boccadoro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Bortezomib has shown significant activity in myeloma. In this multicenter trial, we assessed for the first time the combination of bortezomib, doxorubicin and low-dose dexamethasone (PAd) in the treatment of relapsed/refractory myeloma. Patients and methods: Sixty-four patients were treated for a median of four 28-day cycles (1-6). Bortezomib was given at 1.3 mg/m2 (days 1, 4, 8, 11) and dexamethasone at 40 mg (days 1-4); 34 patients receive doxorubicin at 20 mg/m2 (days 1, 4) while 30 patients pegylated liposomal doxorubicin at 30 mg/m2 (day 1). Results: Fifty-eight percent of patients had undergone prior autologous transplantation, 70% prior anthracycline and 27% prior bortezomib-based regimens. Forty-three patients (67%) achieved at least a partial response including 16 (25%) with at least a very good partial response. One-year event-free survival was 34% after PAd and 31% after the previous line of therapy (hazard ratio 1.20, 95% confidence interval 0.76-1.90, P = 0.43). One-year overall survival from the start of PAd was 66%. Grade 3-4 toxic effects included thrombocytopenia (48%), neutropenia (36%), infections (15%), anemia (13%), gastrointestinal disturbances (11%) and peripheral neuropathy (10%). Two patients had grade 3-4 cardiac heart failure. Conclusions: PAd is an active salvage therapy with manageable toxicity in patients with relapsed/refractory myeloma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1160-1165
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Oncology
Volume19
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2008

Keywords

  • Bortezomib
  • Myeloma
  • Relapse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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