Both conserved and non-conserved regions of Spo11 are essential for meiotic recombination initiation in yeast

Dilip K. Nag, Janice D. Pata, Manuela Sironi, David R. Flood, Ashley M. Hart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are the initiators of most meiotic recombination events. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, at least ten genes are necessary for meiotic DSB formation. However, the molecular roles of these proteins are not clearly understood. The meiosis-specific Spo11 protein, which shows sequence similarity with a subunit of an archaeal topoisomerase, is believed to catalyze the meiotic DSB formation. Spo11 is also required for induction of meiotic DSBs at long inverted repeats and at large trinucleotide repeat tracts. Here we report the isolation and characterization of temperature-sensitive spo11-mutant alleles to better understand how Spo11 functions, and how meiotic DSBs are generated at various recombination hotspots. Analysis of mutation sites of isolated spo11-mutant alleles indicated that both N-terminal and C-terminal non-conserved residues of Spo11 are essential for the protein's function, possibly for interaction with other meiotic DSB enzymes. Several of the mutation sites within the conserved region are predicted to lie on the surface of the protein, suggesting that this region is required for activation of the meiotic initiation complex via protein-protein interaction. In addition to the conditional mutants, we isolated partially recombination- defective mutants; analysis of one of these mutants indicated that Ski8, as observed previously, interacts with Spo11 via the latter's C-terminal residues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)313-321
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular Genetics and Genomics
Volume276
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2006

Keywords

  • Double-strand break repair
  • In vitro mutagenesis
  • Meiotic recombination
  • Spo11

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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