Botulinum toxin type-A treatment in spastic paraparesis: A neurophysiological study

Flavia Pauri, Laura Boffa, Emanuele Cassetta, Patrizio Pasqualetti, Paolo Maria Rossini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to verify the action of Botulinum toxin type-A (BoNT-A) by means of neurophysiological techniques, in patients presenting lower limb spasticity and requiring BoNT-A injections in the calf muscles, due to the poor response to medical antispastic treatment. Subjects and method: Patients presenting paraparesis were enrolled. They underwent clinical evaluation for spasticity according to the Ashworth scale and neurophysiological recordings including: motor evoked potentials (MEPs) to transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of the leg area; compound motor action potential (cMAP) to tibial nerve stimulation, F-wave, and H-reflex before the treatment and 24 h, 2 weeks and 1 month after the injection of BoNT-A. In all patients, gastrocnemius was treated and in some cases soleus or tibialis posterior muscles were also injected. Results: In all patients, BoNT-A injections induced a clear clinical improvement as showed by the reduced spasticity values of the Ashworth scale. A significant increment of MEP latency and central conduction time (CCT) duration were observed 2 weeks after the treatment only in the injected muscles. Conclusions: Prolonged MEP latencies and CCT after BoNT-A injections is probably due to a central alteration in responsiveness of spinal motor neurons to descending impulses from the corticospinal tracts. Such changes represent objective parameters heralding clinical efficacy of treatment. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-97
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Neurological Sciences
Volume181
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2000

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Botulinum toxin therapy
  • Spasticity
  • TMS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this