We have measured, by a sensitive cycling assay, the concentration of bound and unbound dinucleotides in normal and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD)-deficient erythrocytes. Measurement of free NADP in ultrafiltrates confirms that in normal erythrocytes almost all NADP is bound to cytosolic proteins. In glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase-deficient erythrocytes unbound NADP is significantly higher than in normal red cells and the NADP+/NADPH ratio is largely in favor of the oxidized form. In normal and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase-deficient erythrocytes essentially all NAD (bound and unbound) is in the oxidized state. About 50% of the total amount of NAD (NAD+ + NADH) is free in the cytosol, with a NAD+/NADH ratio greater than 100.
- (Human erythrocyte)
- Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology