Bowel ultrasound in assessment of Crohn's disease and detection of related small bowel strictures: A prospective comparative study versus x ray and intraoperative findings

Fabrizio Parente, G. Bianchi Porro, G. Maconi, S. Bollani, A. Anderloni, G. Sampietro, M. Cristaldi, N. Franceschelli, R. Bianco, A. M. Taschieri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and aim: Despite the fact that bowel ultrasound (US) has recently been proved to be useful in the assessment of bowel diseases, uncertainty persists as to its diagnostic role in patients with complicated Crohn's disease (CD). Therefore, we have prospectively investigated the accuracy of US compared with x ray procedures and intraoperative findings in detecting small bowel strictures complicating CD as well as its reliability in assessing disease extent and location within the bowel. Methods: A series of 296 consecutive patients with proven CD admitted to L Sacco University Hospital between 1997 and 1999, having undergone complete radiographic evaluation (including small bowel x ray, colonoscopy, or double contrast barium enema), were enrolled in the study. Bowel US was performed in each patient by two experienced operators unaware of the results of other diagnostic procedures. The accuracy of US in detecting strictures compared with x ray studies was determined separately in two different groups of patients: 211 patients treated conservatively (non-operative CD) and 85 patients who were candidates for surgery for CD complications or unresponsiveness to medical therapy (operative CD). Results: Overall sensitivity and specificity of US in assessing the anatomical distribution of CD were 93% and 97%, respectively. The extent of ileal disease measured at US correlated well with that determined by x ray (r=0.52, p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)490-495
Number of pages6
JournalGut
Volume50
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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