Boys who are born preterm show a relative lack of fat-free mass at 5 years of age compared to their peers

M. L. Giannì, P. Roggero, P. Piemontese, L. Morlacchi, B. Bracco, F. Taroni, E. Garavaglia, F. Mosca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

AIM: Prematurity is associated with features of metabolic syndrome in young adulthood. We investigated the body composition and blood pressure of children born preterm.

METHODS: A longitudinal, observational study was conducted with preterm infants who had a birth weight of

RESULTS: A total of 63 preterm infants were enrolled. At term equivalent age, growth and fat-free mass were lower in preterm infants than in term newborns, but fat mass was higher. At 5 years of age, children born preterm were still lighter and shorter than children born at term. When the results were analysed by gender, the fat-free mass index was lower in boys born preterm than in their peers (12.1 ± 1.1 versus 13.0 ± 1.0 kg/h(2) p <0.005), whereas no difference was detected among girls. Diastolic blood pressure was higher in children born preterm than in children born at term (61.14 ± 7.8 vs 56.69 ± 8.2 mmHg, p = 0.009).

CONCLUSION: Boys born preterm showed a relative lack of fat-free mass at school age compared to their peers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e119-e123
JournalActa Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics
Volume104
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2015

Keywords

  • Body composition
  • Fat mass
  • Fat-free mass
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Preterm infants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Boys who are born preterm show a relative lack of fat-free mass at 5 years of age compared to their peers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this