Boys who are born preterm show a relative lack of fat-free mass at 5 years of age compared to their peers

M. L. Giannì, P. Roggero, P. Piemontese, L. Morlacchi, B. Bracco, F. Taroni, E. Garavaglia, F. Mosca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

AIM: Prematurity is associated with features of metabolic syndrome in young adulthood. We investigated the body composition and blood pressure of children born preterm.

METHODS: A longitudinal, observational study was conducted with preterm infants who had a birth weight of

RESULTS: A total of 63 preterm infants were enrolled. At term equivalent age, growth and fat-free mass were lower in preterm infants than in term newborns, but fat mass was higher. At 5 years of age, children born preterm were still lighter and shorter than children born at term. When the results were analysed by gender, the fat-free mass index was lower in boys born preterm than in their peers (12.1 ± 1.1 versus 13.0 ± 1.0 kg/h(2) p <0.005), whereas no difference was detected among girls. Diastolic blood pressure was higher in children born preterm than in children born at term (61.14 ± 7.8 vs 56.69 ± 8.2 mmHg, p = 0.009).

CONCLUSION: Boys born preterm showed a relative lack of fat-free mass at school age compared to their peers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e119-e123
JournalActa Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics
Volume104
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2015

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Fats
Premature Infants
Blood Pressure
Body Composition
Birth Weight
Observational Studies
Longitudinal Studies
Newborn Infant
Growth

Keywords

  • Body composition
  • Fat mass
  • Fat-free mass
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Preterm infants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Boys who are born preterm show a relative lack of fat-free mass at 5 years of age compared to their peers. / Giannì, M. L.; Roggero, P.; Piemontese, P.; Morlacchi, L.; Bracco, B.; Taroni, F.; Garavaglia, E.; Mosca, F.

In: Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics, Vol. 104, No. 3, 01.03.2015, p. e119-e123.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Bracco, B.

AU - Taroni, F.

AU - Garavaglia, E.

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