Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) overexpression in the forebrain results in learning and memory impairments

Carla Cunha, Andrea Angelucci, Angela D'Antoni, Mate D. Dobrossy, Stephen B. Dunnett, Nicoletta Berardi, Riccardo Brambilla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this study we analyzed the effect on behavior of a chronic exposure to brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), by analysing a mouse line overexpressing BDNF under the αCaMKII promoter, which drives the transgene expression exclusively to principal neurons of the forebrain. BDNF transgenic mice and their WT littermates were examined with a battery of behavioral tests, in order to evaluate motor coordination, learning, short and long-term memory formation. Our results demonstrate that chronic BDNF overexpression in the central nervous system (CNS) causes learning deficits and short-term memory impairments, both in spatial and instrumental learning tasks. This observation suggests that a widespread increase in BDNF in forebrain networks may result in adverse effects on learning and memory formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)358-368
Number of pages11
JournalNeurobiology of Disease
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2009

Keywords

  • BDNF
  • Passive avoidance
  • Short-term memory
  • Spatial learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology

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