Brain electrical activity (quantitative EEG and bit-mapping neurocognitive CNV components), psychometrics and clinical findings in presenile subjects with initial mild cognitive decline or probable Alzheimer-type dementia

R. Zappoli, A. Versari, M. Paganini, G. Arnetoli, G. C. Muscas, P. F. Gangemi, M. G. Arneodo, D. Poggiolini, F. Zappoli, A. Battaglia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Clinical, neuropsychological and neuropsychophysiological data (Q-EEG, ERPs and CNV/RT activity) were obtained from 24 patients who had more or less severe presenile primary cognitive decline without depression, and compared with similar data from 10 age-matched healthy volunteers (mean age, 59.4 years). All of the patients (15 M and 9 F; mean age 59.6 years) were selected according to the DSM III-R, ICD-10 and NINCDS-ADRDA criteria and underwent CT and MRI scanning, in addition to a standard clinical examination, a battery of psychometric tests, spectral EEG, and bit-mapped CNV complex and RT to S2 analyses. Twelve of the 24 patients presented an initial presenile idiopathic cognitive decline (PICD) but did not wholly fulfil the clinical and neuropsychological criteria for primary dementia or for a diagnosis of probable AD; the remaining 12 patients showed characteristic clinical signs and symptoms of a very probable early stage of presenile Alzheimer-type dementia (PAD). ANOVA, correlational and discriminant analyses of the neuropsychological test scores, and the neurophysiological and RT to S2 data revealed 22 highest-ranked between-group discriminant factors (all with a significance level of p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)341-376
Number of pages36
JournalItalian Journal of Neurological Sciences
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1995

Keywords

  • CNV complex
  • ERPs
  • presenile Alzheimer's disease
  • presenile dementia
  • psychometrics
  • Q-EEG

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

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