Brain electrophysiology in disorders of consciousness: Diagnostic and prognostic utility

Damian Cruse, G. Bryan Young, Francesco Piccione, Marianna Cavinato, Aldo Ragazzoni

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Electroencephalography (EEG) is a powerful and inexpensive bedside tool for the assessment of residual brain function in prolonged disorders of consciousness. Here we review a range of methods for EEG interpretation, including reactivity, perturbation by transcranial magnetic stimulation, evoked potentials, and oscillatory changes. We show that, in combination, these methods can form a reliable picture of each patient’s structural impairments and residual sensory and cognitive functioning, thereby leading to more accurate diagnoses and prognoses and stratifi cation of patients for experimental neuro-stimulation therapies.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBrain Function and Responsiveness in Disorders of Consciousness
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages105-118
Number of pages14
ISBN (Print)9783319214252, 9783319214245
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2016

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Keywords

  • Diagnosis
  • Disorders of consciousness
  • EEG
  • ERP
  • Prognosis
  • TMS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Cruse, D., Bryan Young, G., Piccione, F., Cavinato, M., & Ragazzoni, A. (2016). Brain electrophysiology in disorders of consciousness: Diagnostic and prognostic utility. In Brain Function and Responsiveness in Disorders of Consciousness (pp. 105-118). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-21425-2_9