Brain Network Connectivity and Topological Analysis during Voluntary Arm Movements

Silvia Francesca Storti, Emanuela Formaggio, Paolo Manganotti, Gloria Menegaz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Functional connectivity estimates the temporal synchrony among functionally homogeneous brain regions based on the assessment of the dynamics of topologically localized neurophysiological responses. The aim of this study was to investigate task-related changes in brain activity and functional connectivity by applying different methods namely event-related desynchronization (ERD), coherence, and graph-theoretical analysis to electroencephalographic (EEG) recordings, for comparing their respective descriptive power and complementarity. As it is well known, ERD provides an estimate of differences in power spectral densities between active (or task) and rest conditions, functional connectivity allows assessing the level of synchronization between the signals recorded at different scalp locations and graph analysis enables the estimation of the functional network features and topology. EEG activity was recorded on 10 subjects during left/right arm movements. The theta, alpha, and beta bands were considered. Conventional analysis showed a significant ERD in both alpha and beta bands over the sensorimotor cortex during the left arm movement and in beta band during the right arm movement, besides identifying the regions involved in the task, as it was expected. On the other hand, connectivity assessment highlighted that stronger connections are those that involved the motor regions for which graph analysis revealed reduced accessibility and an increased centrality during the movement. Jointly, the last two methods allow identifying the cortical areas that are functionally related in the active condition as well as the topological organization of the functional network. Results support the hypothesis that network analysis brings complementary knowledge with respect to established approaches for modeling motor-induced functional connectivity and could be profitably exploited in clinical contexts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)276-290
Number of pages15
JournalClinical EEG and Neuroscience
Volume47
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2016

Keywords

  • coherence
  • EEG power
  • ERD
  • functional connectivity
  • graph analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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