We investigated the changes in brain oxygen tension (ptiO2) after ventilation with pure O2 in order to (1) clarify the pathophysiology of O2 exchange in the cerebral microcirculation; and (2) investigate the relationship between brain O2 tension, O2 delivery, and consumption in steady-state conditions during stepwise cerebral blood flow (CBF) reductions. A swine model was developed to reduce CBF in three stable steps: (1) baseline (CBF 100%), (2) CBF of 50-60% of baseline, and (3) CBF of 2 reflected the CBF reductions, since it was respectively 27.95 (±10.15), 14.77 (±3.58), and 3.45 (±2.89) mm Hg during the three CBF steps. Hyperoxia was followed by an increase in ptiO2, although the increase was significantly lower when hyperoxia was applied during progressive ischemia. O2 supply to the brain did not change during hyperoxia. Arteriovenous oxygen difference (AVDO2) decreased during the phases of intact CBF and moderate impairment, but not during the phase of severe CBF reduction. In conclusion, ptiO2 reductions closely reflect the imbalance between oxygen delivery and demand; this implies a link between low ptiO2 and defective O2 supply due to impaired CBF. However, this relation is not necessarily reciprocal, since manipulating brain oxygen tension does not always influence brain oxygen delivery, as in the case of ventilation with pure oxygen.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Journal of Neurotrauma|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|
- Brain oxygenation
- Cerebral ischemia
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology