Brain processing of native and foreign languages

Daniela Perani, Stanislas Dehaene, Franco Grassi, Laurent Cohen, Stefano F. Cappa, Emmanuel Dupoux, Ferruccio Fazio, Jacques Mehler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We used positron emission tomography to study brain activity in adults while they were listening to stories in their native language, in a second language acquired after the age of seven, and in a third unknown language. Several areas, similar to those previously observed in monolinguals, were activated by the native but not by the second language. Both the second and the unknown language yielded distinct left-hemispheric activations in areas specialized for phonological processing, which were not engaged by a backward speech control task. These results indicate that some brain areas are shaped by early exposure to the maternal language, and are not necessarily activated by the processing of a second language to which they have been exposed for a limited time later in life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2439-2444
Number of pages6
JournalNeuroReport
Volume7
Issue number15-17
Publication statusPublished - 1996

Fingerprint

Language
Brain
Maternal Exposure
Positron-Emission Tomography

Keywords

  • Bilingualism
  • Cognitive processes
  • Language acquisition
  • Positron emission tomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Perani, D., Dehaene, S., Grassi, F., Cohen, L., Cappa, S. F., Dupoux, E., ... Mehler, J. (1996). Brain processing of native and foreign languages. NeuroReport, 7(15-17), 2439-2444.

Brain processing of native and foreign languages. / Perani, Daniela; Dehaene, Stanislas; Grassi, Franco; Cohen, Laurent; Cappa, Stefano F.; Dupoux, Emmanuel; Fazio, Ferruccio; Mehler, Jacques.

In: NeuroReport, Vol. 7, No. 15-17, 1996, p. 2439-2444.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Perani, D, Dehaene, S, Grassi, F, Cohen, L, Cappa, SF, Dupoux, E, Fazio, F & Mehler, J 1996, 'Brain processing of native and foreign languages', NeuroReport, vol. 7, no. 15-17, pp. 2439-2444.
Perani D, Dehaene S, Grassi F, Cohen L, Cappa SF, Dupoux E et al. Brain processing of native and foreign languages. NeuroReport. 1996;7(15-17):2439-2444.
Perani, Daniela ; Dehaene, Stanislas ; Grassi, Franco ; Cohen, Laurent ; Cappa, Stefano F. ; Dupoux, Emmanuel ; Fazio, Ferruccio ; Mehler, Jacques. / Brain processing of native and foreign languages. In: NeuroReport. 1996 ; Vol. 7, No. 15-17. pp. 2439-2444.
@article{e58a51e46f1f40ed9771a8884c6ab29e,
title = "Brain processing of native and foreign languages",
abstract = "We used positron emission tomography to study brain activity in adults while they were listening to stories in their native language, in a second language acquired after the age of seven, and in a third unknown language. Several areas, similar to those previously observed in monolinguals, were activated by the native but not by the second language. Both the second and the unknown language yielded distinct left-hemispheric activations in areas specialized for phonological processing, which were not engaged by a backward speech control task. These results indicate that some brain areas are shaped by early exposure to the maternal language, and are not necessarily activated by the processing of a second language to which they have been exposed for a limited time later in life.",
keywords = "Bilingualism, Cognitive processes, Language acquisition, Positron emission tomography",
author = "Daniela Perani and Stanislas Dehaene and Franco Grassi and Laurent Cohen and Cappa, {Stefano F.} and Emmanuel Dupoux and Ferruccio Fazio and Jacques Mehler",
year = "1996",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "2439--2444",
journal = "NeuroReport",
issn = "0959-4965",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "15-17",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Brain processing of native and foreign languages

AU - Perani, Daniela

AU - Dehaene, Stanislas

AU - Grassi, Franco

AU - Cohen, Laurent

AU - Cappa, Stefano F.

AU - Dupoux, Emmanuel

AU - Fazio, Ferruccio

AU - Mehler, Jacques

PY - 1996

Y1 - 1996

N2 - We used positron emission tomography to study brain activity in adults while they were listening to stories in their native language, in a second language acquired after the age of seven, and in a third unknown language. Several areas, similar to those previously observed in monolinguals, were activated by the native but not by the second language. Both the second and the unknown language yielded distinct left-hemispheric activations in areas specialized for phonological processing, which were not engaged by a backward speech control task. These results indicate that some brain areas are shaped by early exposure to the maternal language, and are not necessarily activated by the processing of a second language to which they have been exposed for a limited time later in life.

AB - We used positron emission tomography to study brain activity in adults while they were listening to stories in their native language, in a second language acquired after the age of seven, and in a third unknown language. Several areas, similar to those previously observed in monolinguals, were activated by the native but not by the second language. Both the second and the unknown language yielded distinct left-hemispheric activations in areas specialized for phonological processing, which were not engaged by a backward speech control task. These results indicate that some brain areas are shaped by early exposure to the maternal language, and are not necessarily activated by the processing of a second language to which they have been exposed for a limited time later in life.

KW - Bilingualism

KW - Cognitive processes

KW - Language acquisition

KW - Positron emission tomography

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0029848734&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0029848734&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 8981399

AN - SCOPUS:0029848734

VL - 7

SP - 2439

EP - 2444

JO - NeuroReport

JF - NeuroReport

SN - 0959-4965

IS - 15-17

ER -