Brain structural changes associated with chronicity and antipsychotic treatment in schizophrenia

Luisa Tomelleri, Jigar Jogia, Cinzia Perlini, Marcella Bellani, Adele Ferro, Gianluca Rambaldelli, Michele Tansella, Sophia Frangou, Paolo Brambilla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Accumulating evidence suggest a life-long impact of disease related mechanisms on brain structure in schizophrenia which may be modified by antipsychotic treatment. The aim of the present study was to investigate in a large sample of patients with schizophrenia the effect of illness duration and antipsychotic treatment on brain structure. Seventy-one schizophrenic patients and 79 age and gender matched healthy participants underwent brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). All images were processed with voxel based morphometry, using SPM5. Compared to healthy participants, patients showed decrements in gray matter volume in the left medial and left inferior frontal gyrus. In addition, duration of illness was negatively associated with gray matter volume in prefrontal regions bilaterally, in the temporal pole on the left and the caudal superior temporal gyrus on the right. Cumulative exposure to antipsychotics correlated positively with gray matter volumes in the cingulate gyrus for typical agents and in the thalamus for atypical drugs. These findings (a) indicate that structural abnormalities in prefrontal and temporal cortices in schizophrenia are progressive and, (b) suggest that antipsychotic medication has a significant impact on brain morphology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)835-840
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Neuropsychopharmacology
Volume19
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2009

Keywords

  • Frontal lobes;
  • Imaging;
  • MRI;
  • Temporal lobes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Neurology
  • Pharmacology

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  • Cite this

    Tomelleri, L., Jogia, J., Perlini, C., Bellani, M., Ferro, A., Rambaldelli, G., Tansella, M., Frangou, S., & Brambilla, P. (2009). Brain structural changes associated with chronicity and antipsychotic treatment in schizophrenia. European Neuropsychopharmacology, 19(12), 835-840. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euroneuro.2009.07.007