Brain tumors in children and adolescents: Cognitive and psychological disorders at different ages

Geraldina Poggi, Mariarosaria Liscio, Susanna Galbiati, Annarita Adduci, Maura Massimino, Lorenza Gandola, Filippo Spreafico, Carlo Alfredo Clerici, Franca Fossati-Bellani, Michela Sommovigo, Enrico Castelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Cognitive and psychological disorders are among the most frequently observed sequelae in brain tumor survivors. The goal of this work was to verify the presence of these disorders in a group of children and adolescents diagnosed with brain tumor before age 18 years, differentiate these disorders according to age of assessment, identify correlations between the two types of impairments and define possible associations between these impairments and clinical variables. The study involved 76 patients diagnosed with brain tumor before age 18 years. Three age groups were formed, and all the patients received a standardized battery of age-matched cognitive and psychological tests. According to our findings, all three groups present with cognitive and psychological-behavioral disorders. Their frequency varies according to age of onset and is strongly associated to time since diagnosis. The performance intelligence quotient (PIQ) was more impaired than the verbal intelligence quotient (VIQ). Internalizing problems, withdrawal and social problems were the most frequent psychological disorders. Correlations were found between cognitive impairment and the onset of the main psychological and behavioral disorders. These findings are relevant as they point out the long-term outcome of brain tumor survivors. Hence, the recommendation to diversify psychological interventions and rehabilitation plans according to the patients' age.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)386-395
Number of pages10
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Psychology(all)
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


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