Brain ultrasonography: methodology, basic and advanced principles and clinical applications. A narrative review

Chiara Robba, Alberto Goffi, Thomas Geeraerts, Danilo Cardim, Gabriele Via, Marek Czosnyka, Soojin Park, Aarti Sarwal, Llewellyn Padayachy, Frank Rasulo, Giuseppe Citerio

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Brain ultrasonography can be used to evaluate cerebral anatomy and pathology, as well as cerebral circulation through analysis of blood flow velocities. Transcranial colour-coded duplex sonography is a generally safe, repeatable, non-invasive, bedside technique that has a strong potential in neurocritical care patients in many clinical scenarios, including traumatic brain injury, aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage, hydrocephalus, and the diagnosis of cerebral circulatory arrest. Furthermore, the clinical applications of this technique may extend to different settings, including the general intensive care unit and the emergency department. Its increasing use reflects a growing interest in non-invasive cerebral and systemic assessment. The aim of this manuscript is to provide an overview of the basic and advanced principles underlying brain ultrasonography, and to review the different techniques and different clinical applications of this approach in the monitoring and treatment of critically ill patients.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIntensive Care Medicine
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Ultrasonography
Cerebrovascular Circulation
Brain
Blood Flow Velocity
Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
Hydrocephalus
Critical Illness
Intensive Care Units
Hospital Emergency Service
Anatomy
Patient Care
Color
Pathology
Therapeutics
Traumatic Brain Injury

Keywords

  • Brain ultrasonography
  • Neurosonology
  • Optic nerve sheath diameter
  • Transcranial Doppler

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Cite this

Brain ultrasonography : methodology, basic and advanced principles and clinical applications. A narrative review. / Robba, Chiara; Goffi, Alberto; Geeraerts, Thomas; Cardim, Danilo; Via, Gabriele; Czosnyka, Marek; Park, Soojin; Sarwal, Aarti; Padayachy, Llewellyn; Rasulo, Frank; Citerio, Giuseppe.

In: Intensive Care Medicine, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Robba, Chiara ; Goffi, Alberto ; Geeraerts, Thomas ; Cardim, Danilo ; Via, Gabriele ; Czosnyka, Marek ; Park, Soojin ; Sarwal, Aarti ; Padayachy, Llewellyn ; Rasulo, Frank ; Citerio, Giuseppe. / Brain ultrasonography : methodology, basic and advanced principles and clinical applications. A narrative review. In: Intensive Care Medicine. 2019.
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