BRCA1 mutations and polymorphisms in a hospital-based consecutive series of breast cancer patients from Apulia, Italy

S. Tommasi, A. Crapolicchio, R. Lacalamita, M. Bruno, A. Monaco, S. Petroni, F. Schittulli, S. Longo, M. Digennaro, D. Calistri, A. Mangia, Angelo Paradiso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Hereditary breast cancer has been partly attributed to germline mutations in the BRCA1 gene that are deleterious for BRCA1 protein activity. This paper analyzes the incidence and characteristics of detectable BRCA1 mutations and polymorphisms in a hospital-based consecutive series of breast cancer patients from southern Italy to investigate the incidence and the association of these molecular alterations with breast cancer biology and family history. Methods: One hundred cases with familial characteristics were selected from a consecutive series of 511 patients with a first diagnosis of breast cancer. DNA from peripheral blood was screened for whole BRCA1 gene mutations utilizing dHPLC as a pre-screening analysis and automatic DNA sequencing for the identification of specific alterations. Results: In the overall series of 511 patients, 100 had a family history of breast cancer and were investigated for BRCA1 mutations. Two types of BRCA1 mutations were identified, 5382insC in six cases and 4566delA in one case. The 5382insC mutation was present in two out of six cases with ovarian cancer while 4566delA in one case of male cancer. The most frequent missense polymorphisms were E1038G, P871L, K1183R in exon 11, S1613G, M1652I in exon 16 and D1778G in exon 22. Confirming what found in previous studies, patients in whom pathological BRCA1 mutations were detected had early-onset breast cancer (p = 0.05), positive nodal status (p = 0.05), lower ER (p = 0.02) and PgR (p = 0.01) content. Interestingly, the K1183R polymorphism and, less strongly, S1613G polymorphism were associated to mutational risk (K1183R: OR 0.1 p = 0.03; S1613G: OR 2.7 p = 0.08). Conclusion: Mutations in the BRCA1 gene are frequent also in our consecutive series of patients from southern Italy. An association between two detected single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and BRCA1 mutational risk was ascertained. Finally, we confirm the fact that peculiar clinical-pathological features seem to characterize patients with a family history of breast cancer and BRCA1 alterations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-405
Number of pages11
JournalMutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis
Volume578
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 15 2005

Keywords

  • Breast cancer susceptibility
  • Family history
  • Mutations
  • Polymorphisms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Molecular Biology

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