Breast implant associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL): a challenging cytological diagnosis with hybrid PET/MRI staging and follow-up

Francesco Verde, Elena Vigliar, Valeria Romeo, Maria Raffaela Campanino, Antonello Accurso, Luigi Canta, Nunzia Garbino, Luca Basso, Carlo Cavaliere, Emanuele Nicolai, Massimo Imbriaco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We report a case of a 55-year-old woman with left breast cosmetic augmentation performed 5 years earlier, showing at ultrasound a left small amount of peri-implant effusion suspicious for an anaplastic large cell lymphoma localization. The final diagnosis was obtained by cytology using a small amount of fluid (6 ml). Subsequently, hybrid 18F-FDG PET/MRI was used for pre-operative staging and follow-up. An appropriate management of BIA-ALCL could be obtained even in cases of a small amount of peri-implant effusion, using a comprehensive approach of clinical and imaging evaluation, including PET/MRI as useful and innovative staging imaging technique.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBreast Cancer
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • BIA-ALCL
  • Breast cancer
  • Peri-implant effusion
  • PET/MRI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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