Breastfeeding and the risk of epithelial ovarian cancer in an Italian population

Francesca Chiaffarino, Claudio Pelucchi, Eva Negri, Fabio Parazzini, Silvia Franceschi, Renato Talamini, Maurizio Montella, Valerio Ramazzotti, Carlo La Vecchia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives. Breastfeeding has been inversely related to the risk of ovarian cancer, but results from published studies are inconsistent. In order to provide further information, we analyzed data from a large case-control study conducted in four Italian areas. Methods. Cases were 1031 women with epithelial ovarian cancer. Controls were 2411 women admitted to the same network of hospitals for a wide spectrum of acute non-neoplastic conditions, unrelated to known risk factors for ovarian cancer. Results. There were inverse trends in risk with increasing duration of breastfeeding and number of children breastfed, but when parity and several other potential confounding factors were taken into account, no residual association was evident (odds ratio = 1.21 for 17 or more months of breastfeeding and 0.90 for those who had breastfed 4 or more children, as compared to women who had never breastfed). Conclusions. This study showed an inverse relation between breastfeeding and ovarian cancer risk, which however was accounted for by parity. The analyses by histologic subtypes suggested that a role of breastfeeding would be larger for serous neoplasms in the absence, however, of significant heterogeneity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)304-308
Number of pages5
JournalGynecologic Oncology
Volume98
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2005

Keywords

  • Breastfeeding
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Risk factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Oncology

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