Purpose: Veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) stabilizes patients in refractory cardiogenic shock. However, ECMO-related complications strongly affect the outcome, especially if a long-term LVAD is needed. Methods and materials: We describe a new strategy in management of INTERMACS 1 patients consisting in early weaning from VA-ECMO with axillary Impella 5.0 as a bridge to LVAD implantation. Nine patients in two European centres are described. Results: All patients were implanted with VA-ECMO for initial hemodynamic and metabolic stabilization. After a median time of 8 days, Impella 5.0 was implanted. Impella support allowed in all patients weaning from inotropes and from VA-ECMO (after a median time of 22 h). No patients had right ventricular failure after ECMO-weaning and most patients were mobilized and orally fed (88.9%) during Impella support. All patient underwent LVAD implantation after a median Impella time of 17 days. Only one patient had right-ventricular failure after LVAD implantation. All patients were discharged from hospital after a median time of 40 days. Conclusion: Early weaning from VA-ECMO with Impella 5.0 as a bridge to LVAD is a safe and effective strategy in management of INTERMACS 1 patients. This approach minimizes ECMO-related complications and allows patient mobilization and right ventricular function optimization before LVAD implantation.
- Cardiogenic shock
- Impella 5.0
- Left ventricular assist device
- Veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine