Left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC) is an increasingly recognised cardiomyopathy characterised by excessive trabeculation and deep intertrabecular recesses in direct communication with the left ventricular cavity. In LVNC, hypertrabeculation has been associated with heart failure, ventricular arrhythmia, and systemic thromboembolism. However, hypertrabeculation alone is not sufficient to define a subject as at risk for such complications and thus should not be sufficient to diagnose LVNC. Despite several studies having investigated parameters to predict adverse cardiovascular events, physicians have no effective tools to differentiate between clinically silent hypertrabeculation and LVNC. The aim of this paper was to review literature on LVNC diagnostic criteria and to provide an easy and accessible diagnostic algorithm to distinguish between hypertrabeculation phenotype, non-compaction phenotype and LVNC cardiomyopathy.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of cardiovascular medicine (Hagerstown, Md.)|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2020|