Several recent works have shown that a brief ischemia applied during the onset of reperfusion (postconditioning) is cardioprotective in different animal models and that the early minutes of reperfusion are critical to its cardioprotection. This effect has been related to prevention of oxidative stress, but mechanisms have not been clearly demonstrated. The present study tested the hypothesis that mitochondria play a central role in peroxide production and oxidative stress during reperfusion and are responsible for the protective effect of postconditioning. Isolated perfused rat hearts were subjected to complete global ischemia for 45 min and reperfused for 40 min. Nonnoxic group was reperfused with a Krebs-Henseleit solution with the preischemic pO 2 level (600 mmHg); in the "hypoxic group," normoxic reperfusion was preceded by 3 min with 150 mmHg pO 2. Reperfusion was stopped at 3 and 40 min. The rate of hydroperoxide production, GSH, GSSG, and carbonyl protein levels were measured in mitochondria at 3 min and at the end of reperfusion. GSH and GSSG were also measured in tissue. Hemodinamic function was monitored during the experiment. LVEDp increased and LVDp decreased in the normoxic group but not in the hypoxic group. The rate of mitochondrial peroxide production was higher in normoxic than in the hypoxic group 3 min after reperfusion and at its conclusion. Accordingly, GSH was oxidized in normoxic but not in hypoxic hearts. Mitochondria carbonyl proteins were significantly higher in normoxic than in the hypoxic group at the end of reperfusion. In this model, 1) hypoxic reperfusion at the onset of reperfusion reduces myocardial injury; 2) the major rate of mitochondrial peroxide production is 3 min after the onset of reperfusion; 3) cardioprotection of postconditioning correlates with reduced mitochondria peroxide production and prevention of GSH oxidation. - Serviddio, G., Di Venosa, N., Federici, A., D'Agostino, D., Rollo, T., Prigigallo, F., Altomare, E., Fiore, T., Vendemiale, G. Brief hypoxia before normoxic reperfusion (postconditioning) protects the heart against ischemia-reperfusion injury by preventing mitochondria peroxyde production and glutathione depletion.
- Hypoxic reperfusion
- Oxidative stress
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Cell Biology