Bronchial artery hypertrophy is correlated with coronary artery disease

Silvia Tresoldi, Giovanni Di Leo, Federica Villa, Silvia Amaryllis Claudia Squarza, Irene Maria Beneggi, Nicola Flor, Francesco Sardanelli, Gianpaolo Cornalba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Bronchial arteries support the systemic pulmonary vasculature and physiologically communicate with pulmonary arteries and coronary arteries. While there is evidence supporting the link between pulmonary diseases and bronchial artery hypertrophy (BAH), few data on the correlation between coronary artery disease (CAD) and BAH have been published. Purpose: To evaluate a possible association between BAH and CAD in patients without known pulmonary diseases undergoing computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA). Material and Methods: This retrospective study was approved by the local ethics committee. One hundred patients with varying degrees of CAD underwent CTCA. Patients were stratified into four groups as follows: group I, 25 patients without CAD or with non-significant CAD; group II, 25 untreated patients with significant CAD; group III, 25 stented patients; group IV, 25 patients with coronary artery bypass grafts. The number and diameter of bronchial arteries were recorded. Correlation between age, CAD, and BAH was estimated. Results: One hundred and ninety-nine bronchial arteries were detected. Approximately 51% were hypertrophic (diameter,

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)287-294
Number of pages8
JournalActa Radiologica
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • Bronchial artery hypertrophy
  • Coronary angiography computed tomography
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Pulmonary alterations
  • Spiral computed tomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Medicine(all)


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