Brugada syndrome: Progress in diagnosis and management

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Brugada syndrome (BrS) represents an inherited disorder associated with risk of sudden cardiac death due to VF in patients without structural heart disease. Currently, BrS is diagnosed by typical cove-shaped ST-segment elevation >2 mm in >1 RV precordial lead V1, V2 occurring spontaneously or after a sodium-channel blocker provocation test without any further evidence of malignant arrhythmias. An ICD should always be implanted in symptomatic BrS patients to prevent sudden death, despite high rates of complications with these devices. In asymptomatic people, an electrophysiological study should be performed to evaluate the need for an ICD. The recent discovery of a functional substrate has revolutionised our approach to the pathophysiology and management of BrS. Promising new therapeutic options have emerged in the last 3 years. Ajmaline is able to determine the extension of the substrate by prolonging the duration and fragmentation of abnormal epicardial electrograms. Substrate ablation results in the disappearance of both coved-type ECG and ventricular tachycardia/VF inducibility. These findings are clinically relevant, suggesting that epicardial ablation guided by ajmaline infusion may be an effective therapeutic option in BrS, potentially removing the need for ICD implantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-18
Number of pages6
JournalArrhythmia and Electrophysiology Review
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019

Keywords

  • Ajmaline
  • Arrhythmic substrate
  • Brugada syndrome
  • Catheter ablation
  • ICD
  • Right ventricular outflow tract
  • Ventricular fibrillation
  • Ventricular tachycardia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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