Building a normative decision support system for clinical and operational risk management in hemodialysis

Chiara Cornalba, Roberto G. Bellazzi, Riccardo Bellazzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper describes the design and implementation of a decision support system for risk management in hemodialysis (HD) departments. The proposed system exploits a domain ontology to formalize the problem as a Bayesian network. It also relies on a software tool, able to automatically collect HD data, to learn the network conditional probabilities. By merging prior knowledge and the available data, the system allows to estimate risk profiles both for patients and HD departments. The risk management process is completed by an influence diagram that enables scenario analysis to choose the optimal decisions that mitigate a patient's risk. The methods and design of the decision support tool are described in detail, and the derived decision model is presented. Examples and case studies are also shown. The tool is one of the few examples of normative system explicitly conceived to manage operational and clinical risks in health care environments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)678-686
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Information Technology in Biomedicine
Volume12
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Keywords

  • Bayesian networks (BNs)
  • Clinical and operational risk management
  • Hemodialysis
  • Influence diagrams
  • Ontology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Health Information Management
  • Information Systems
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Medicine(all)

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