Background: Bulky mediastinal involvement is a challenging presentation of Hodgkin's disease (HD). Radiotherapy alone has provided a good response rate but also a high percentage of recurrences, and therefore many studies have been initiated to evaluate combined modality treatment. Method: In a prospective study 23 stage IIA/IIIB HD patients treated with ABVD/MOPP alternating chemotherapy and radiotherapy were evaluated with regard to overall (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS), acute and long-term toxicity. Results: A 95% CR rate was obtained. Ten-year actuarial OS and DFS were 83 and 91%, respectively. Two patients (8.8%) relapsed 8 and 9 months after achieving CR. One patient (4.4%) died following severe bone marrow failure 25 months after diagnosis. No clinically evident acute or chronic cardiac or pulmonary toxicity was evident, and no second malignancies were observed. At the end of therapy 7/14 evaluable women became amenorrheal and remained so at their last follow-up. The two male patients were considered azoospermic on the basis of laboratory evaluation at the end of therapy, and after 68 and 122 months, respectively; 4 of 5 male patients had sexual intercourse freely but did not fertilize their partners. Conclusions: In our opinion and in agreement with available literature, chemotherapy has a fundamental place alongside radiotherapy in the treatment of bulky mediastinal HD. Combined modality treatment improves the disease-free survival obtained with radiotherapy or chemotherapy alone. In our experience a high percentage of patients (83%) can be considered cured without the need for second-line therapy. However, long-term and especially gonadal toxicity greatly influence the quality of life of these patients. Therefore treatment must be personalized according to age, sex, cardiopulmonary status and desire to preserve reproductive function.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 1993|
- bulky mediastinal involvement
- combined modality treatment
- Hodgkin's disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas