Burden of CKD, proteinuria, and cardiovascular risk among Chinese, Mongolian, and Nepalese participants in the international society of nephrology screening programs

Sanjib Kumar Sharma, Hequn Zou, Ariunaa Togtokh, Bogdan Ene-Iordache, Sergio Carminati, Andrea Remuzzi, Natasha Wiebe, Bharati Ayyalasomayajula, Norberto Perico, Giuseppe Remuzzi, Marcello Tonelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background In 2007, the International Society of Nephrology funded the Kidney Disease Data Center database to house data from sponsored programs aimed at preventing chronic kidney disease and its complications in developing nations. This study compares baseline characteristics and burden of illness among participants from centers in China, Mongolia, and Nepal. An important secondary objective is to show the feasibility of screening for chronic kidney disease and its major risk factors in a diverse group of lower income settings. Study Design Cross-sectional screening study. Setting & Participants Participants from Nepal (n = 8,398), China (n = 1,999), and Mongolia (n = 997). Screening was open to the public for participants in China and Nepal; referral from a general practitioner was required for participants in Mongolia. Outcomes Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), proteinuria, hypertension, diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular risk. Measurement Demographic and clinical data were collected prospectively using a standard format. Blood and urine specimens were provided according to local protocol. Results Of 11,394 participants, decreased eGFR (2) was present in 7.3%-14% of participants across centers; proteinuria (2; 2%-20%) were all common. Predicted 5-year cardiovascular risk 2, hypertension, or diabetes were 2.6 (95% CI, 2.5-2.7), 3.4 (95% CI, 3.1-3.7), and 4.7 (95% CI, 3.3-8.0) for Nepal, China, and Mongolia, respectively. Limitations May not be representative of the general population. Conclusions The acceptable diagnostic yield of abnormalities across these 3 diverse settings suggests that trials of targeted screening and intervention are feasible and warranted in such countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)915-927
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican Journal of Kidney Diseases
Volume56
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2010

Keywords

  • Chronic disease
  • chronic kidney disease
  • Index Words
  • low-income countries
  • screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Medicine(all)

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