Bypass combined with embolization via a venous graft in a patient with a giant aneurysm in the posterior communicating artery and bilateral idiopathic occlusion of the internal carotid artery in the neck

Antonio Santoro, Emiliano Passacantilli, Giulio Guidetti, Mauro Dazzi, Guido Guglielmi, Giampaolo Cantore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The authors describe the case of a patient with a symptomatic giant aneurysm of the posterior communicating artery (PCoA) associated with bilateral idiopathic occlusion of the internal carotid artery (ICA). The presence of severe tortuosity of the vertebral arteries (VAs), both at their origin from the subclavian artery and at the level of the third segment, impeded navigation of the catheter for embolization of the aneurysm with Guglielmi detachable coils (GDCs). A direct surgical approach was considered to be a high-risk procedure because of the bilateral occlusion of the ICAs and the size of the aneurysm. The following therapeutic strategy was therefore adopted: 1) balloon occlusion test of the left VA; 2) vertebro-vertebral bypass with saphenous vein graft to provide a pathway for subsequent embolization; 3) ICA-left middle cerebral artery bypass to ensure blood flow in the event that embolization resulted in closure of the PCoA; and 4) GDC embolization of the aneurysm via the posterior circulation graft to ensure complete exclusion of the lesion from the arterial circulation and preservation of the PCoA. At 3-month follow-up review the patient did not present with any neurological deficits; at 1-year control examination, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and MR angiography both confirmed complete exclusion of the aneurysm and patency of the two bypasses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-139
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Neurosurgery
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2002



  • Angiography
  • Guglielmi detachable coil
  • Long saphenous graft
  • Posterior communicating artery aneurysm
  • Vertebral artery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

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