A combination of three β, or C-C, chemokines, as well as IL-16, have been shown to inhibit HIV replication in vitro. Cellular antiviral factor is a more potent agent, and acts on all HIV strains. All are mainly, but not exclusively, produced by CD8+ T cells, both in HIV+ and healthy subjects. We studied the production of these HIV-suppressive factors in patients with HIV infection at different stages of disease. No difference in production by PBMC stimulated with PHA has been observed in asymptomatic HIV+, long-term nonprogressors (LTnP), and AIDS patients. When T cell line supernatants from these three groups were studied, no significant difference was found for C-C chemokines or IL-16 production, and viral suppression. However, T cell clones from LTnP secreted higher levels of all three chemokines, IL-16, and exerted a stronger inhibition on HIV replication. CD8+ clones showed a higher production than CD4+ clones. These clones were able to produce all antiviral factors irrespective of the secretion of type 1 or type 2 cytokines. The antiviral activities were not correlated, implying that viral suppression did not depend solely on C-C chemokines or IL-16. We postulate that all factors are needed to prevent HIV disease progression.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - May 1 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas