C-reactive protein is directly related to plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) levels in diabetic subjects with the 4G allele at position -675 of the PAI-1 gene

R. Testa, A. R. Bonfigli, C. Sirolla, M. Marra, M. Boemi, D. Mari, E. Sacchi, A. Dolci, A. Catalano, A. Procopio, A. Ceriello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and aims: C-reactive protein (CRP) has been identified as a possible factor able to promote atherosclerosis. "In vitro" studies have demonstrated that CRP induces plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) expression, suggesting a hypofibrinolytic role for CRP. As CRP and PAI-1 levels increase in type 2 diabetic subjects, we decided to study the relationship between CRP and PAI-1, and the role of the 4G/5G polymorphism of the PAI-1 gene on this relationship in a diabetic population without complications. Methods and results: Two hundred and ninety-five type 2 diabetic patients (age 60.9 ± 10.5 years) and 290 healthy controls (age 59.2 ± 11.5 years) were enrolled. A significant correlation between PAI-1 and CRP in diabetic subjects was found (r = 0.45, p <0.001), whereas no relationship was evident in the control subjects between these inflammatory markers. Multiple regression analysis highlighted that CRP is the only one significant variable of PAI-1 antigen in diabetic subjects (partial r = 0.31, p <0.01). Stratifying by genotype, a positive correlation between PAI-1 and CRP in 4G/4G (partial r = 0.64 p <0.001) and 4G/5G (partial r = 0.47, p <0.001) subjects was found, whereas no correlation in 5G/5G was present. Multiple regression analysis confirmed the presence of this correlation in 4G/4G (partial r = 0.45, p <0.001) and in 4G/5G (partial r = 0.34, p = 0.007) diabetic patients. Conclusions: These findings demonstrate that CRP plays an important role in the complex mechanism regulating PAI-1 antigen in 4G diabetic carriers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)220-226
Number of pages7
JournalNutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2008

Keywords

  • C-reactive protein
  • Fibrinolysis
  • PAI-1 genotype
  • Plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1
  • Type 2 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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