C3 molecules internalize and enhance the growth of Lewis lung carcinoma cells

Livia Di Renzo, Agostina Longo, Emanuela Morgante, Stefania Mardente, Wolfgang M. Prodinger, Matteo Russo, Giuseppe M. Pontieri, Marcella Lipari

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C3 molecules from normal murine serum are mainly bound to Lewis lung carcinoma cells (3LL) that do not express CRs, mainly through covalene binding as determined by the appearance of bands stained with anti-C3 and larger than 190 kD in immunoblots of proteins in whole cell extracts. Methylamine-treated, or zymosan-treated normal mouse serum, heat inactivated, or EDTA-treated murine serum resulted in low C3 deposition on 3LL cells, as indicated by fluorescence tests and immunoblotting. Cytofluorimetric studies showed that C3 molecules bound to 3LL cells were internalized in a time- and temperature-dependent process. This was confirmed by electronmicroscopic studies. The conditions allowing C3 fixation to acceptor sites and subsequent internalization increased cell proliferation. This was also true, when serum from mice genetically deficient in C5 was used which stresses the role of C3 in contrast to effects of membrane attack complex formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)92-105
Number of pages14
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology


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