Background: Fibronectin (FN) is a large multidomain molecule that is involved in many cellular processes. Different FN isoforms arise from alternative splicing of the pre-mRNA including, most notably, the FN isoform that contains the "extra-domain-B" (ED-B). The FN isoform containing ED-B (known as B-FN) is undetectable in healthy adult tissues but is present in large amounts in neoplastic and foetal tissues as well as on the blood vessels during angiogenesis. Thus, antibodies specific for B-FN can be useful for detecting and targeting neoplastic tissues in vivo. We previously characterised C6, a new monoclonal antibody specific for human B-FN and we suggested that it reacts with the B-C loop of the type III repeat 8 which is masked in FN isoforms lacking ED-B and that the insertion of ED-B in FN molecules unmasked it. Here we have now consolidated and refined the characterization of this B-FN specific antibody demonstrating that the epitope recognized by C6 also includes loop E-F of ED-B. Methodology: We built the three dimensional model of the variable regions of the mAb C6 and of the FN fragment EDB-III8 and performed protein:protein docking simulation using the web server ClusPro2.0. To confirm the data obtained by protein:protein docking we generated mutant fragments of the recombinant FN fragment EDB-III8 and tested their reactivity with C6. Conclusion: The monoclonal antibody C6 reacts with an epitope formed by the B-C loop of domain III8 and the E-F loop of ED-B. Both loops are required for an immunological reaction, thus this monoclonal is strictly specific for B-FN but the part of the epitope on III8 confers the human specificity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)