Caffeine drinking potentiates cannabinoid transmission in the striatum: Interaction with stress effects

Silvia Rossi, Valentina De Chiara, Alessandra Musella, Giorgia Mataluni, Lucia Sacchetti, Alberto Siracusano, Giorgio Bernardi, Alessandro Usiello, Diego Centonze

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Caffeine, the psychoactive ingredient of coffee and of many soft drinks, is frequently abused by humans especially during stressful live events. The endocannabinoid system is involved in the central effects of many psychoactive compounds and of stress. Whether caffeine alters the cannabinoid system and interferes with stress-induced synaptic alterations is however unknown. We have studied electrophysiologically the sensitivity of cannabinoid receptors modulating synaptic transmission in the striatum of mice exposed to caffeine in their drinking solution. Chronic caffeine assumption sensitized GABAergic synapses to the presynaptic effect of cannabinoid CB1 receptor stimulation by exo- and endocannabinoids. Caffeine was conversely unable to affect the sensitivity of cannabinoid receptors modulating glutamate transmission. The synaptic effects of caffeine were slowly reversible after its removal from the drinking solution. Furthermore, although exposure to caffeine for only 24 h did not produce measurable changes of the sensitivity of cannabinoid CB1 receptors, it was able to contrast the down-regulation of CB1 receptor-mediated responses after social defeat stress. Our data suggest that the cannabinoid system is implicated in the psychoactive properties of caffeine and in the ability of caffeine to reduce the pathological consequences of stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)590-597
Number of pages8
JournalNeuropharmacology
Volume56
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2009

Keywords

  • Basal ganglia
  • EPSC
  • IPSC
  • mGlu 5 receptors
  • Reward

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Pharmacology

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