La velocità dell'attenuazione ultrasonora del calcagno nella determinazione delle fratture vertebrali nelle pazienti con osteoporosi senile

Translated title of the contribution: Calcaneal broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA) in the diagnosis of vertebral fracture in osteoporotic patients

Alfredo La Fianza, Ettore Taverna, Angela Pistorio, Dario Pallavicini, Lorenzo Preda, Enrico Maria Di Maggio, Andrea Caprotti, Tiziana Candiani, Matteo Parrini, Rodolfo Campani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Vertebral collapse is a frequent complication of osteoporosis with usually severe sequels. We examined a group of female patients with known senile osteoporosis to try to define a subgroup with atraumatic vertebral collapse on the basis of broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA) values in the heel. 186 patients were submitted to calcaneal ultrasound densitometry and to radiography of the dorsolumbar spine; we also investigated the body mass index and postmenopausal and menopausal ages to identify the variable with the highest correlation with fracture, with the multiple regression statistical analysis. The regression model analysis showed a statistically significant correlation of BUA values (inverse relation) and weight (direct relation) with the risk of collapse (0.967 and 1.075 odds ratio, respectively). We subdivided the patients according to their body mass index and made the receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curves, thus increasing test accuracy, with 45 MHz BUA threshold, 66.67% sensitivity and 71.43% specificity. Calcaneal BUA is a good indicator of atraumatic vertebral collapse in senile osteoporosis patients; when the weight variable is associated, sensitivity, specificity and positive and negative predictive values (66.67%, 71.43% and 66.6% and 71%, respectively) increase, thus helping define this subgroup of patients.

Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)51-55
Number of pages5
JournalRadiologia Medica
Volume93
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1997

Fingerprint

Osteoporotic Fractures
Osteoporosis
Body Mass Index
Regression Analysis
Weights and Measures
Sensitivity and Specificity
Heel
Densitometry
Radiography
ROC Curve
Spine
Odds Ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

La velocità dell'attenuazione ultrasonora del calcagno nella determinazione delle fratture vertebrali nelle pazienti con osteoporosi senile. / La Fianza, Alfredo; Taverna, Ettore; Pistorio, Angela; Pallavicini, Dario; Preda, Lorenzo; Di Maggio, Enrico Maria; Caprotti, Andrea; Candiani, Tiziana; Parrini, Matteo; Campani, Rodolfo.

In: Radiologia Medica, Vol. 93, No. 1-2, 01.1997, p. 51-55.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

La Fianza, A, Taverna, E, Pistorio, A, Pallavicini, D, Preda, L, Di Maggio, EM, Caprotti, A, Candiani, T, Parrini, M & Campani, R 1997, 'La velocità dell'attenuazione ultrasonora del calcagno nella determinazione delle fratture vertebrali nelle pazienti con osteoporosi senile', Radiologia Medica, vol. 93, no. 1-2, pp. 51-55.
La Fianza, Alfredo ; Taverna, Ettore ; Pistorio, Angela ; Pallavicini, Dario ; Preda, Lorenzo ; Di Maggio, Enrico Maria ; Caprotti, Andrea ; Candiani, Tiziana ; Parrini, Matteo ; Campani, Rodolfo. / La velocità dell'attenuazione ultrasonora del calcagno nella determinazione delle fratture vertebrali nelle pazienti con osteoporosi senile. In: Radiologia Medica. 1997 ; Vol. 93, No. 1-2. pp. 51-55.
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