Calcipotriol ointment in nail psoriasis: A controlled double-blind comparison with betamethasone dipropionate and salicylic acid

A. Tosti, B. M. Piraccini, N. Cameli, F. Kokely, C. Plozzer, G. E. Cannata, C. Benelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This double-blind randomized study was designed to compare the efficacy and safety of calcipotriol ointment (50 μg/g) with betamethasone dipropionate (64 mg/g) and salicylic acid (0.03 g/g) ointment in the treatment of nail bed psoriasis. Fifty-eight patients applied the given drug to the affected nails twice a day for 3-5 months, depending on clinical response. Efficacy was assessed monthly on the basis of nail thickness, measured in millimetres. Photographs of the treated nails were taken at baseline, and after 3 and 5 months. Tolerability was assessed at 3 and 5 months. In patients with fingernail psoriasis, after 3 months of treatment subungual hyperkeratosis was reduced from 2.3 ± 0.1 mm (mean ± SEM) to 1.5 ± 0.1 mm (-26.5%) in the calcipotriol group and from 2.3 ± 0.1 mm to 1.6 ± 0.1 mm (-30.4%) in the betamethasone dipropionate and salicylic acid group [not significant (NS) between treatments, analysis of variance (ANOVA)]. After 5 months, responders showed a 49.2% reduction in hyperkeratosis in the calcipotriol group (from 2.8 ± 0.1 mm to 1.4 ± 0.2 mm) and 51.7% (from 2.1 ± 0.1 mm to 1.0 ± 0.1 mm) in the betamethasone dipropionate and salicylic acid group (P <0.001 from baseline, NS between treatments, ANOVA). In patients with toenail psoriasis, after 3 months of treatment there was an overall reduction in hyperkeratosis from 2.6 ± 0.1 mm to 2.1 ± 0.1 mm (- 20.1%) in the calcipotriol group and from 3.0 ± 0.1 mm to 2.3 ± 0.1 mm (- 22.9%) in the betamethasone dipropionate and salicylic acid group (P <0.001 from baseline, NS between treatments, ANOVA). By the end of the fifth month there was a 40.7% reduction in hyperkeratosis in the calcipotriol group (from 2.1 ± 0.1 mm to 1.2 ± 0.1 mm) and 51.9% in the betamethasone dipropionate and salicylic acid group (from 2.7 ± 0.1 mm to 1.3 ± 0.1 mm; P <0.0001 from baseline, NS between treatments, ANOVA). The results of the study show that calcipotriol is as effective as a combination of a topical steroid with salicylic acid in the treatment of nail psoriasis and represents a safe alternative in the topical treatment of nail psoriasis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)655-659
Number of pages5
JournalBritish Journal of Dermatology
Volume139
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

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