Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is an inherited arrhythmogenic disease characterized by life-threatening arrhythmias elicited by adrenergic activation. CPVT is caused by mutations in the cardiac ryanodine receptor gene (RyR2). In vitro studies demonstrated that RyR2 mutations respond to sympathetic activation with an abnormal diastolic Ca2+ leak from the sarcoplasmic reticulum; however the pathways that mediate the response to adrenergic stimulation have not been defined. In our RyR2R4496C+/- knock-in mouse model of CPVT we tested the hypothesis that inhibition of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) counteracts the effects of adrenergic stimulation resulting in an antiarrhythmic activity. CaMKII inhibition with KN-93 completely prevented catecholamine-induced sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmia in RyR2R4496C+/- mice, while the inactive congener KN-92 had no effect. In ventricular myocytes isolated from the hearts of RyR2R4496C+/- mice, CaMKII inhibition with an autocamtide-2 related inhibitory peptide or with KN-93 blunted triggered activity and transient inward currents induced by isoproterenol. Isoproterenol also enhanced the activity of the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA), increased spontaneous Ca2+ release and spark frequency. CaMKII inhibition blunted each of these parameters without having an effect on the SR Ca2+ content. Our data therefore indicate that CaMKII inhibition is an effective intervention to prevent arrhythmogenesis (both in vivo and in vitro) in the RyR2R4496C+/- knock-in mouse model of CPVT. Mechanistically, CAMKII inhibition acts on several elements of the EC coupling cascade, including an attenuation of SR Ca2+ leak and blunting catecholamine-mediated SERCA activation. CaMKII inhibition may therefore represent a novel therapeutic target for patients with CPVT.
- Calcium handling
- Ventricular tachycardia
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine