Calorie Restriction for Optimal Cardiovascular Aging: The Weight of Evidence

Emanuele Marzetti, Stephanie E. Wohlgemuth, Angelo G. Aulisa, Roberto Bernabei, Marco Pahor, Christiaan Leeuwenburgh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The epidemic of obesity and overweight is spreading worldwide. Excessive adiposity is associated with a myriad of adverse health outcomes, leading to increased health care expenditures and shortened life expectancy. In contrast to overeating, calorie restriction (CR), defined as a reduction in food intake without malnutrition, increases both mean and maximum lifespan in a variety of species by reducing the incidence of several chronic degenerative diseases, including cardiovascular disease. The constellation of health benefits brought about by CR results from biological and physiologic changes affecting fundamental processes underlying aging and age-related pathologies. Despite the beneficial properties of CR, it is likely that most people will not engage in such a dietary regimen for the long-term. Supplementation with specific compounds mimicking CR may represent a more feasible means to improve health and prolong life. However, evidence on long-term effectiveness and safety of these compounds is not yet available in humans.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)340-346
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Cardiovascular Risk Reports
Volume4
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Hormesis
  • Inflammation
  • Obesity
  • Oxidative stress
  • Sirtuins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Pharmacology

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