CALR mutational status identifies different disease subtypes of essential thrombocythemia showing distinct expression profiles

Roberta Zini, Paola Guglielmelli, Daniela Pietra, Elisa Rumi, Chiara Rossi, Sebastiano Rontauroli, Elena Genovese, Tiziana Fanelli, Laura Calabresi, Elisa Bianchi, Simona Salati, Mario Cazzola, Enrico Tagliafico, Alessandro M. Vannucchi, Rossella Manfredini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Polycythemia vera (PV) and essential thrombocythemia (ET) are Philadelphia-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) characterized by erythrocytosis and thrombocytosis, respectively. Approximately 95% of PV and 50-70% of ET patients harbor the V617F mutation in the exon 14 of JAK2 gene, while about 20-30% of ET patients carry CALRins5 or CALRdel52 mutations. These ET CALR-mutated subjects show higher platelet count and lower thrombotic risk compared to JAK2-mutated patients. Here, we showed that CALR-mutated and JAK2V617F-positive CD34+ cells display different gene and miRNA expression profiles. Indeed, we highlighted several pathways differentially activated between JAK2V617F- and CALR-mutated progenitors, i.e., mTOR, MAPK/PI3K, and MYC pathways. Furthermore, we unveiled that the expression of several genes involved in DNA repair, chromatin remodeling, splicing, and chromatid cohesion are decreased in CALR-mutated cells. According to the low risk of thrombosis in CALR-mutated patients, we also found the downregulation of several genes involved in thrombin signaling and platelet activation. As a whole, these data support the model that CALR-mutated ET could be considered as a distinct disease entity from JAK2V617F-positive MPNs and may provide the molecular basis supporting the different clinical features of these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number638
JournalBlood Cancer Journal
Volume7
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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