Expression by smooth-muscle cells of calsequestrin (CS), the low-affinity/high-capacity Ca2+-binding protein of striated-muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR), has been investigated in recent years with conflicting results. Here we report the purification and characterization from rat vas deferens of two CS isoforms, the first deemed skeletal muscle, the second cardiac type, on account of their N-terminal amino acids and other relevant biochemical and molecular properties. Compared with vas deferens, the smooth muscles from aorta and stomach, in that order, were found to express lower amounts of CS, whereas in the uterus and bladder the protein was not detectable. The ratio between the two CS isoforms was also variable, with the stomach and aorta predominantly expressing the skeletal-muscle type and the vas deferens expressing the two CSs in roughly similar amount. Because of the property of CSs to localize within the skeletal-muscle SR lumen not uniformly, but according to the distribution of their anchorage membrane proteins, the expression of the protein suggests the existence in smooth-muscle cells of discrete endoplasmic-reticulum areas specialized in the rapidly exchanging Ca2+ storage and release, and thus in the control of a variety of functions, including smooth-muscle contraction.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 1994|
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