CaMKII activity in the inflammatory response of cardiac diseases

Maria Rosaria Rusciano, Elena Sommariva, Victorine Douin-Echinard, Michele Ciccarelli, Paolo Poggio, Angela Serena Maione

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Inflammation is a physiological process by which the body responds to external insults and stress conditions, and it is characterized by the production of pro-inflammatory mediators such as cytokines. The acute inflammatory response is solved by removing the threat. Conversely, a chronic inflammatory state is established due to a prolonged inflammatory response and may lead to tissue damage. Based on the evidence of a reciprocal regulation between inflammation process and calcium unbalance, here we described the involvement of a calcium sensor in cardiac diseases with inflammatory drift. Indeed, the Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) is activated in several diseases with an inflammatory component, such as myocardial infarction, ischemia/reperfusion injury, pressure overload/hypertrophy, and arrhythmic syndromes, in which it actively regulates pro-inflammatory signaling, among which includes nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB), thus contributing to pathological cardiac remodeling. Thus, CaMKII may represent a key target to modulate the severity of the inflammatory-driven degeneration.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4374
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019


  • Ca
  • CaMKII
  • Cardiac diseases
  • Inflammation
  • NF-κB
  • ROS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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