In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, cyclic AMP is required for cellular growth. In this study we show that cAMP also specifically inhibits the G1-S transition of the S. cerevisiae cell cycle by increasing the critical cell size required at start, the major yeast cell cycle control step. In fact: (a) addition of cAMP delays the time of entering into the S budded phase of small G1 cells, while it is ineffective on large fast-growing cells. (b) If cell growth is strongly depressed, cAMP permanently inhibits cell cycle commitment of cells arrested at the α-factor-sensitive step. The cell fraction inhibited by cAMP is inversely correlated with the average cell size of treated populations. (c) The critical protein content (Ps) and the critical cell volume (VB) required for budding in unperturbed exponentially growing yeast populations are largely increased by cAMP. On these bases, we propose a new cAMP role at start.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology