The aim of this study was to analyze the extent to which postoperative patellofemoral joint (PFJ) kinematics assessed at 6-month follow-up after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) mimics the intraoperative kinematics after final component implantation. The study hypothesis, already proved in terms of tibiofemoral joint (TFJ) kinematics, is that the intraoperative assessment of PFJ kinematics after component implantation is also capable of predicting postoperative knee kinematics during activities of daily living. Twenty patients selected for TKA with patellar resurfacing were implanted using surgical navigation, including patellar component positioning via a novel computer-assisted procedure. This allowed for intraoperative TFJ and PFJ kinematic assessment after final component implantation. At 6-month follow-up, all patients were contacted for follow-up control; in addition to clinical examination, this implied postoperative kinematics assessments by three-dimensional video fluoroscopy of the replaced knee during standard activities of daily living. Several traditional PFJ, as well as TFJ, rotations and translations were calculated intra- and postoperatively and then statistically compared. Good postoperative replication of the intraoperative measurements was observed for most of PFJ variables analyzed, as well as those for TFJ. Relevant statistical analysis also supported the significant consistency between the intra- and postoperative measurements. Pertaining to the present findings on a statistical basis, intraoperative measurements performed at both TFJ and PFJ kinematics using a surgical navigation system under passive conditions, are predictive of the overall knee kinematics experienced at postoperative follow-ups by the same replaced knees in typical activities of daily living.
- computer-assisted surgery
- urgical navigation
- Three-dimensional video-fluoroscopy
- knee motion
- patellar tracking