Purpose: The objective of our study was to define the diagnostic accuracy of high-resolution ultrasound (US) in detecting nodal involvement before sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in patients with cutaneous melanoma, to define the sonographic criteria used to assess nodal metastases, and to establish if high-resolution US can directly select patients to radical lymphadenectomy, sparing selective lymphadenectomy. Materials and Methods: 623 patients underwent high-resolution US of the regional lymph nodes, 24 hours prior being submitted to the sentinel lymph node biopsy procedure. The US findings were compared with histological findings. Results: In 14.7% out of 122 excised lymph nodes, high-resolution US showed sonographic features consistent with malignant involvement before the surgical step.US scan sensitivity and specificity were 15 and 100%, respectively, since positive and negative predictive values were 100 and 87% respectively. Conclusion: US is an effective modality in the presurgical detection of subclinical deposits within sentinel lymph nodes. However, preoperative staging work-up with high-resolution US cannot substitute the SLNB, mainly because of low sensitivity due to missing many micrometastases.
- soft tissues
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging