Cancer incidence pattern in Cordoba, Argentina

María Del Pilar Díaz, Alberto R. Osella, Laura R. Aballay, Sonia E. Muñoz, María J. Lantieri, Mariana Butinof, Roberto Meyer Paz, Sonia Pou, Aldo R. Eynard, Carlo La Vecchia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cancer is the second cause of death in Argentina; nevertheless the distribution of the cancer incidence rates throughout the country is unknown. This study was conducted to describe cancer incidence patterns in Córdoba Province. Incidence data were supplied by the Government Córdoba Cancer Registry. Demographic information (age, sex, and place of residence) and diagnosis, certified by a pathologist, about all incident cases from June 2003 to May 2005 by type and 5-year age groups were obtained. Comparison of the incidence rate of cancer in various counties was performed by using standardized incidence rates (SIR) per 100 000 inhabitants using the world standard population. Estimated SIRs were used to build up incidence maps. Two indicators were created: sex ratio and site-specific ratio. Mixed Poisson models were fitted. Taken as a whole for all counties, SIR was 121.42 and 141.57 for men and women, respectively. The most common sites in men were prostate (13.62), lung (10.12), colon (7.53), and bladder (7.03); in women were breast (22.51) and colon (3.31). The highest and lowest rates were in urban and rural areas, respectively. Cancer registry has a pivotal role in cancer control. Such information is the primary resource of information not only for epidemiological research on cancer determinants but also for planning and evaluating health services for the policies of prevention, diagnosis and treatment of the disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-266
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer Prevention
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2009

Keywords

  • Argentina
  • Cancer incidence
  • Córdoba
  • Generalized mixed modeling
  • Registry database
  • South America
  • Spatial distribution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology
  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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