Cancer modifier alleles inhibiting lung tumorigenesis are common in inbred mouse strains

Giacomo Manenti, Abraham Acevedo, Federica Galbiati, Roberto Giannfi Barrera, Sara Noci, Eduardo Salido, Tommaso A. Dragani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Lung tumor susceptibility in inbred mouse strains is caused by the susceptibility allele at the pulmonary adenoma susceptibility I (Pas1s) locus. However, after urethane treatment, most strains carrying the Pas1s allele show an intermediate (1-4 tumors/mouse) instead of a highly susceptible (15-30 tumors/mouse) lung tumor phenotype. To test the hypothesis that strains displaying the intermediate lung tumor phenotype carry dominant or codominant resistance alleles at pulmonary adenoma resistance (Par) loci, we crossed mice of intermediate susceptibility or resistance to lung tumorigenesis with the highly susceptible A/J strain. Eleven F1 hybrids were treated with urethane to induce lung tumorigenesis. The A/J strain developed 35.3 tumors/mouse, while its F1 hybrid with C57BL/6J mice (null allele at Par loci) developed 22.8 tumors/mouse due to the Pas1 allele dosage effect. F1 hybrids of strains 129/SvJ, CBA/J, ST/J and LP/J (Pas1s) and of SPW, DBA/2J and C57L/J (Pas1r) mice showed significant reduction in lung tumor multiplicity (i.e., 0.3-12.8 tumors/mouse) compared to A/J and (A/J x C57BL/6J)F1 mice. These results indicate that resistance alleles at Par loci are common in inbred mouse strains and account for the lung tumorigenesis intermediate phenotype of strains carrying the Pas1s allele.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)555-559
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Volume99
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2002

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Keywords

  • Cancer modifier
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Par loci
  • Pas1
  • Urethane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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