Background: Data and statistics are presented on cancer death certification for 1993 in Italy, updating previous publications covering the period 1955-1992. Methods: Data for 1993 subdivided into 30 cancer sites are presented in 8 tables, including age and sex-specific absolute and percentage frequencies of cancer deaths, and crude, age-specific and age-standardized rates, at all ages and truncated for the 35-64 year age group. Results: Age-adjusted death certification rates (on the world standard population) for all neoplasms declined from 189.8 in 1992 (and a peak of 199.2 in 1986) to 187.8/100,000 males in 1993, and remained stable around 100,000 females. The favorable trends were even larger in middle and younger aged males, but not in children below age 15, whose overall age-standardized cancer mortality rates increased for the fourth subsequent year. Lung cancer was the leading site of cancer mortality, with over 30,900 deaths. For the fifth subsequent year, its rates in males declined, to reach 56.0/100,000. The decline in lung cancer rates is now established in Italian males and is substantial in middle age, whereas the rise in female lung cancer rates seems to have leveled off over the last few years. Rates for other major cancer sites (intestines, stomach, female breast, prostate, pancreas, leukemias and lymphomas) were stable, but some decrease was apparent also in 1993 for Hodgkin's disease. Conclusions: Italian cancer mortality rates in 1993 were moderately favorable in males, due to the leveling of the tobacco-related epidemic, whereas no appreciable change was registered in females. The persisting unfavorable trends in childhood cancer mortality should be investigated.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - May 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research